All About Honey

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HoneyPhoto by MarinaAvila

During the course of the entire history, honey is been used for its nutritive and medicinal value. Honey is easily digested, has a low calorific value, quickly enters the blood, helps build the blood and destroys bacteria.

Some of the ingredients of honey are vitamins B1, B2, C, B6, B5 and B3, magnesia, sodium – chloride, sulfur, iron, copper, zinc, and iodine.

Honey is a sweet, syrupy, aromatic substance, with specific aroma and taste produced by bees after processing nectar and pollen or other sweet juices of plants.

By Honey can not be called products containing more than 22% water and 5% sucrose. Honey can be nectarean, honey of honeydew and mixed honey, depending on the nature of the material is obtained.

Nectarean honey is made from the nectar of flowering plants. Nectar is mixed with bee ferments, after which is worn in the wax honeycomb cells. Nectar is a sweet, aromatic juice which is secreted from Int flowers. When bees are collecting 1 kg of honey they have to handle 3 kg of nectar, fly over 140,000 km, visiting at least 1,600,000 flowers of acacia or 6,000,000 flowers of clover.

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Honey from honeydew

Honeydew is a sweet liquid that is light on the surface of some plants (pine, beech, willow, maple, etc.) by insects that feed on the juices of the leaves. Insects put their tongue in the green leaf and then juice entering their digestive channel and mixed with ferments. The excess juice they had swallowed insects return to the leaves of plants in a clear transparent drop. Thus obtained honey is usually green. Due to the high content of microelements in it, it is suitable for anemic patients.

Honey contains important antioxidants that eliminate free radicals, anti-inflammatory effect, strengthens the immune system to various infections, and there is scientific evidence that pollen from unfiltered honey and the honeycomb may have the effect of desensitization in asthma and hay fever. Honey acts as an anti-irritant, and is used in creams for babies and products intended for sensitive skin. Its mild antiseptic properties make it an excellent means to reduce inflammation.

The chemical composition of honey

Honey contains:

-carbohydrates (monosaccharides-fructose and glucose) to 85%,

– minerals (aluminum, boron, vanadium, iron, copper, magnesium, …)

– ferments (enzymes) – regulate biochemical processes in the body,

– organic acids (apple, lactic, tartaric, succinic acid, butyric, …)

– vitamins,

– Proteins and nitrogen components.

– Honey contains over 300 for the human body necessary substances (minerals, vitamins, hormones, enzymes, etc.).

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